What is Thalassemia?

What is Thalassemia?

Thalassemia is a blood disorder which is inherited and causes reduction of hemoglobin and red blood cells in the body to be less than normal. There are many times of thalassemias which exist, which include alpha-thalassemia, beta-thalassemia, Cooley’s anemia and Mediterranean anemia.

Hemoglobin is that substance in our body which allows the blood cells to carry oxygen. However, when the level of hemoglobin decreases and even reduces the level of red blood cells, results in anemia which leaves one fatigued.

If a person is suffering from mild thalassemia a person might not medical help. But, if a person suffers from severe thalassemia then that person might need transfusion of blood regularly. To fight fatigue one can take help of a healthy diet play and exercising.

The DNA of the cells which cause the making of hemoglobin is mutated and cause thalassemia. The mutation which is associated with the cause of thalassemia is actually passed from parent to child. The mutation which causes thalassemia and even disrupt the production of hemoglobin to reach normal level and the high level destruction of red blood cell and results in anemia and leads to fatigue.

Thalassemia Autosomal Recessive Pattern

The thalassemia type of is person is decided by the number of genes mutated and inherited from the parent and even depends upon the part of the molecule of hemoglobin affected by mutation. The more number of genes mutated, the more sever is the case of thalassemia. The alpha and beta part of the hemoglobin are affected by mutation.

Fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, pale appearance, irritability, jaundice, facial bone deformities, slow growth, abdominal swelling and dark urine are some of the signs and symptoms of thalassemia. These signs and symptoms totally depend upon the type and how sever the thalassemia a person has. Some of the babies the symptoms right after birth, where as the others might develop the signs in the first 2 years of their life. A person who is affected only by one gene might not show any symptoms of thalassemia at all.

Thalassemia can be detected by undergoing a blood test. There are certain tests which can be done by a pregnant mother to know her baby is affected with thalassemia when either of the parent or both are suffering from it.

There is something called as assisted reproductive technology, where with the help of in vitro fertilization method a healthy baby is born to the parents carrying thalassemia. In today’s date there are so many treatments which can help copy with this disorder. At the same time they might even need family support, love and care.

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